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Also the mobile phone was invented by a communist


[Made In China] _~Designed~_ In California


the technology for it was developed by the government because capitalists refused to spend money to develop the technology or systems.


> Friendly reminder [the first mobile phone was invented between 1954 and 1957 by Soviet scientist Leonid Kupriyanovich.](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kupriyanovich) > > It was the basis for the [world's first 0G mobile network, "Altai", which was built in 1963 and available in large cities all across the USSR by 1965.](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altai_(mobile_telephone_system\)) It is still in use to this day. > > In the 70s and 80s emergent satellite technology revolutionized mobile communication and forever changed the world as we know it. [The first satellite, "Sputnik", was designed, manufactured, and launched in the USSR in 1957.](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sputnik_1)




Designers at Apple do not fit the definition of “workers” in the traditional sense. They’re not unionized nor are they hourly workers.


If they don't own the means of production and rely on their own labour, they are workers.


At apple they receive stock as part of their compensation packages. So they’re shareholders, aka “owners” - but of course in a very minor way.


Unless their stock is enough for them to live from, their are still not bourgeoisie as labour is still their only notable source of income. Same reason why having your money in a bank account earning you a few $$$ in interests every year does not make you a capitalist. To be fair there is an intermediate level where someone will starts earning a decent amount from owning capital while still having labour be a large part of their income so that they couldn't just stop working without losing a lot, the name for that is the petite bourgeoisie (or petty bourgeoisie), but to get there you need a lot more than some stock, it's for people owning a small entreprise with a few employees like a small shop or at most a pair of properties they rent to others. Remember, as a rule of thumb, ask yourself " can this person stop working and still keep a similar standard of living thanks to passive income?" If yes they are a bourgeois/capitalist.


>They’re not unionized nor are they hourly workers That's not what defines a worker lol


Generally “worker” doesn’t apply to salaried positions. Seems somewhat arbitrary but that’s my understanding.


I've never heard anyone make that distinction before tbh, maybe it's a regional thing? Colloquially I feel like "worker" and "employee" are used pretty interchangeably